Testimony:

Jerzy P. “After the clashes in 1939, the Jews who were hiding in the bushes left to welcome the Germans, but they were taken and shot in the forest.”

During 15 days of research in Poland, a Yahad – In Unum team investigated in 28 towns and villages in the north-east and south-east region of the city of Warsaw. The aim of this investigation was to further Yahad – In Unum’s research in the administrative region of Mazovia.

During this research mission, the team was able to interview 44 witnesses and identify 29 execution sites. In three quarters of the cases, there were no monuments, which reiterated the importance of Yahad’s work.

 

Places:

Łochów, Czepielin, Siedlce, Golice, Grędzice, Mianówek, Stelągi, Olszew, Wólka Okrąglik, Nowa Maliszewa, Stoczek, Jadów, Kamionna, Łopianka, Przyjmy, Kamieńczyk, Wyszków, Wołomin, Tłuszcz, Mińsk Mazowiecki, Wołomin, Klembów, Izabelin, Stanisławów Pierwszy, Zegrze Południowe, Łaskarzew, Izdebno, Leokadia, Garwolin, Pilawa, Parysów, Góra Kalwaria, Dębówka, Sobienie Szlacheckie, Sobienie Biskupie, Radwanków Królewski.

 

Historical Background:

From October 1939; the Warsaw region was incorporated into the General Government of Poland and became part of Distrikt Warschau. Although the majority of the region’s Jews were killed at Treblinka in 1942, thousands were shot on the spot in mass graves, such as at Ostrow Mazowiecka (500 victims), Grojec (200 victims), Chruslice (1929 victims) or Drabrowa Kozlowska (100 vicitms).

 

Key Findings:

The specifics of Yahad – In Unum’s investigation in this part of the region had many similarities with the previous trip:

– Cases of early shootings of the Jewish population in 1939;

– Massive deportations of Jews to Treblinka;

– Forced labor camps for Jews.