Testimony:

Roman – “17 Jews hid in the forest during the war. My parents asked me to bring milk to the refugees.”

For its 15th research trip in Poland, a Yahad-In Unum team travelled to Polesia to interview the last witnesses of the Holocaust by Bullets in the region. The Nazis, aided by local collaborators, perpetrated numerous mass shootings against the Jewish population throughout the region.

During the course of this trip, Yahad-In Unum was able to record 40 testimonies and identify 26 mass graves, of which more than half do not have a monument.

Places:

Siemiatycze, Tonkiele, Drohiczyn, Pobikry, Oleksin, Ciechanowiec, Zorody Nowe, Idźki Średnie, Brańsk, Kostry-Podsędkowięta, Koce-Basie , Jabłoń Kościelna, Michałowo, Gródek, Czyżew, Godlewo-Piętaki, Tarnowo, Szepietowo-Janówka, Szepietowo-Żaki, Bogusze, Radziłów, Grajewo, Stawiski, Szczuczyn, Wincenta, Brańszczyk, Milejczyce, Nurzec, Kleszczele, Bielsk Podlaski, Grodzisk, Sypnie Stare, Czaje Bagno, Klukowo Lubowicz-Byzie, Dąbrowa Wielka, Zaręby-Grzymały, Zaręby-Kramki, Łapy, Podosie, Cendrowizna, Miastkowo, Rutki, Rutki-Kossaki, Szepietowo, Średnica-Pawłowięta, Nowe Racibory, Gąsówka-Osse, Łapy-Osse, Poryte, Wąsosz, Szczebra, Ełk.

 

Historical Background:

Before the beginning of World War II, Polesia was a region of many ethnicities and religions, where Polish Catholics, Jews, Muslim Tatars, Orthodox Ruthenians and Roma as well as an important German minority, principally Protestant, lived among one another.

 

Key Findings:

The Nazis, aided by local collaborators, perpetrated numerous mass shootings against the Jewish population throughout the region.

During this research trip, the Yahad-In Unum team collected testimonies on:

  • – The mass shootings of the Jewish population
  • – The deportations of Jews from the region to Treblinka
  • – The shootings of Jews in hiding
  • – The emergence of nationalist movements in the region

– The shootings along the railroad
– The rescue of Jews

 

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