TESTIMONY: Kazimierz – ”One day, German gendarmes rounded up Radecznica. They chased Jews from their houses. They brought around 35-40 people, entire families, behind the monastery and they shot them. I climbed in a tree to watch the shooting.”

BASIC INFO: A Yahad team travelled to Poland to document the massacres in the Lublin region, a key region in understanding the Holocaust in Poland. The team conducted research in the districts of Janów Lubelski, Krasnik, Opole Lubelskie, Bilgoraj and Pulawy. Our team led research notably in towns and villages where police battalions and other German units carried out the shootings of several thousands of Jews between July 1942 and November 1943, in spite of the proximity of the extermination camps of the Reinhard Aktion.

During this research trip, Yahad – In Unum interviewed 34 witnesses and located 39 mass graves. The Yahad team was joined by Pamela López, Director of the Holocaust Museum in Guatemala et Mendel Samama, Yahad’s rabbinical advisor.

PLACES: Frampol, Dyle, Zagóra, Bełżec, Anopol, Kraśnik, Malily, Pawłówka, Pardysowka Diza, Stomioiawow,

HISTORICAL BACKGROUND: The Lublin district was created at the end of October 1939 as one of the four initial districts of the General Government. Between 240 000 and 300 000 people resided in the district, including refugees from the Polish territories incorporated into the Reich.

The first mass shooting perpetrated by Police Battalion 101 took place at Józefów, where 1500 Jewish victims were shot on the 13th of July 1942 in the forest, close to Winiarczykowa Gora. Numerous other shootings took place at different periods of the German occupation near the local school, a stone quarry and at the Jewish cemetery.

KEY FINDINGS:
– 4 previously undocumented mass graves at Józefów.
– Massacre at Tarnogrod
– Murder of 16 Roma killed at Tarnogrod.
– Deportations to Belzec.