Stanislava (born in 1929): “We went to the Utena market to sell our eggs with my father. Suddenly, my father stopped the cart. He started to shake. A group of Jews passed in front of us. They were the Jews of Utena. They were lined up at the edge of a large pit and shot. We stayed there until the bodies were buried.”
At the end of this research trip, the team recorded 42 interviews and identified 23 execution sites.
Region: Panevézys and Siaulai
Cities and Towns Investigated:
Krekenava, Panevézys, Zeinelis, Linkuva, Bardiskiai, Pasvitinys, Vaskai, Kalneliskiai, Pumpénai, Pasvalys, Zadeikiai, Joniskelis, Karisilis, Kareiviskis, Rusalotas, Mikoliskis, Naujamiestis, Seduva, Pakirsinys, Baisogala, Subacius, Girénai, Velzys, Trakiskis, Némunélio-Radviliskis, Birzai, Astravas, Paluniskis
The region that the Yahad team worked in was occupied by the Germans very quickly, from the beginning of summer 1941 and was placed under German civilian administration, yet with a certain type of autonomy left to the Lithuanians at the local level. The very rapid arrival of the German occupiers at the beginning of the war trapped the Jews, very few of them managed to escape farther west.
The following characteristics emerged from this research:
– Early shootings
– Detailed investigation in Birzai
– A genocide photographed and filmed by the Nazi executioners