“Franczysek (born in 1928) saw the Germans arriving. He was forced to go with them into the forest where he became an eyewitness to the massacre of the Jews: “The Germans saw the shelter and they threw a grenade in it. Rouhlia (14 years old) came out, stunned. A German took her by the hair and shot her in the head. Then her sister Mehlia (16 years old) exited. The same fate for her. The Jewish man, Choulim (16 years old), who was hiding in the forest, came running. A German, remaining behind a tree, shot him in succession and his intestines came out. Then, the Germans threw another 2 grenades into the shelter and left for the edge of the forest to find other Jews”.
At the conclusion of this research mission, the Yahad-In Unum team identified 17 pits of which approximately 90% don’t have a memorial and interviewed 39 witnesses.
Uchanie, Janki, Iwanki, Mojslawice, Kolonia Mojslawice, Busno, Niewirkow, Molodiatycze, Bialopole, Wolka Krasniczynska, Stara Wies, Surhow, Krasniczyn, Hrubieszow, Pulanki, Terebin, Tomaszow Lubelski, Lubycza Krolewska, Kniazie, Potoki, Ruda Zurawiecka, Zatyle, Mosty, Jeziernia, Zylka, Szalenik, Brzeziny, Chyze, Krasnobrod, Szczebrzeszyn, Olchowiec, Dorbozy, Jozefow, Borownia, Bzowiec, Kitow, Sulow, Konskowola.
This research trip led by the Yahad-In Unum team in this area of Pologne was principally based in the zone to the east, to the south and to the west of Zamość. The close existence of the Belzec extermination camp on this territory only slightly changed the Nazis’ methods of exterminating the Jewish population by bullets. Our team succeeded in finding a large number of eyewitnesses to the isolated and mass shootings as well as railway convoys directed to the camp.
Yahad-In Unum’s investigation in the south of this region in Poland presented several specific characteristics:
– The mass deportations of Jewish residents in the region to the Belzec camp
– Numerous isolated and mass shootings of elderly Jews and children despite the proximity of the extermination camp
– Forced labor of Jews who were capable of work