TESTIMONY: Valentina – “After the departure of the Germans, we ran to the grave, we removed the soil with our hands, searching for survivors. The women lifted up the bodies and the children pulled them out of the grave. For an hour, we did everything we could to save the people who were still alive.”

BASIC INFO: A Yahad team investigated in the Karbadino-Balkaria, Karachay-Cherkessia and Stavropol Regions of Russia.

PLACES: ZELENCHOUKSKAYA, BESLENEY, ADYGUE-KHABL, KAMENNOMOSTSKI, KARACHAYEVSK, NIZHNIAYA TEBERDA, TEBERDA, PRIMALKINSKOE, CHERKESSK, NALTCHIK, KURDZHINOVO, SPITSEVKA, STAROMARIEVKA, SAMBOROVO/DONSKOE, BEZOPASNOE, BLAGODATNOE, GRATCHIOVKA, DMITRIEVSKOE, KRASNOGVARDEISKOE, SVETLOGRAD, MIKHAYLOVSK, KUGULTA.

HISTORICAL BACKGROUND: These mountainous regions are unique in that they were the southernmost areas of the German occupation, populated by numerous Muslim ethnic groups.

KEY FINDINGS:

– Killings of Jewish refugees
– German occupation in region with Muslim minorities
– Killings with gas vans and poisoning of Jewish children

This trip was made possible with the support of the German Federal Foreign Office.