Map of Execution Sites of Jewish victims in Russia

The German occupation zone in Russia spanned from Leningrad to the Caucasus. Between 100,000 and 140,000 Jews were killed between 1941 and 1944 in the territory of modern Russia, shot or gassed in trucks. Among the victims, there were many Jewish refugees from Poland and Western Ukraine who tried to escape the German advance.

Hundreds of thousands of prisoners of war and civilians as well as thousands of Roma people were murdered in the area under the administration of the Wehrmacht at the edge of the front.


Yahad’s Investigations

Yahad-In Unum began its research in Russia in 2009 and to date, Yahad-In Unum research teams have conducted 9 research trips to Russia, in the regions of Pskov, Smolensk, Bryansk, Rostov and Krasnodor, at the foot of the Caucasus. 662 witnesses have been interviewed in the country and 210 execution sites have been identified.

Learn more about our fieldwork in the country through our individual investigation reports.

Learn about the Holocaust by Bullets in individual villages in Russia through our interactive map.