Stanislav (1913) told us that the Germans offered their guns to young Ukrainians, so that they could shoot the Jews lined up at the edge of the pond. Our witness refused, but "many others accepted". For three days, the first Ukrainian Jewish victims were lined up by groups along the edge of the pond, and then shot by Ukrainians who stood on the bank above. The next group had to arrange the bodies before them on the edge of the pond. The bodies were later buried in the Jewish cemetery, with the exception of those who had tried to escape. These were thrown into wells, located where a factory now stands.
During the course of this trip, Yahad's team found over 15 camps, including the ones at: Maksymovka, Romanove Selo, Kamianky, Skalat, Velyki Byrki, Velyky Gloubotchek, Ozerna, Tchortkiv, Novosilka, and Dobrianivka.
Region of Ternopil
Ukraine is divided in twenty-four regions, an independent republic in Crimea and two municipalities with unique legal statuses, Kiev and Sevastopol.
|Regions and Independent Republic|
The investigated region, which used to form part of Galicia, is distinct, much like Lvov, because of the strong presence of Jewish "labor" camps located along the Lviv-Vinnitsia highway. Yahad decided to focus this trip on locating these camps as well as the graves where the prisoners from these camps were buried, based on the information given by the witnesses who are still alive today.
The preparation file for this trip was exceptionally long. It consisted of 90 pages of excerpts from the Soviet Extraordinary State Commission and 30 pages of statements by people who had been questioned under German law for having participated in the killing of Ukrainian Jews. The goal of this particular trip was to find the mass graves of over 15 different camps. As we completed our investigations, we can conclude that 40% of the mass graves in these camps do not have a memorial, and 50% of those that do have a memorial placed inaccurately, or rather not on the exact location of the graves.