In 1942, a shooting took place near the train station in a pit dug by the Jews themselves. The father of Zoya (born in 1933), who was Jewish, was then murdered with Roma. However, her mother, a Christian, "like all non-Jewish inhabitants, drew a cross on the door." Zoya, hidden along the road, had time to say goodbye to her father before he was shot. She survived thanks to a false birth certificate.
At the end of the 19th trip to Ukraine, the team had interviewed 56 witnesses and located 14 mass grave sites. Note that in the southern region, unlike other Ukrainian regions, over 80% of the mass grave sites have memorials. However, none is being protected from plunderers.
Region of Khmelnitski (formerly the Kamenets-Podolsk region)
Investigated towns/villages: Pavlikovtsi, Pisarevka, Volotchisk, Koupil, Staraïa Siniava, Starokonstantinov, Orlintsi, Manevtsi, Gritsev, Iziaslav, Slavouta and Teofipol.
Khmenlnitski is part of the Podolia region, the largest of modern Ukraine and a region with one of the highest numbers of Jewish victims of the Holocaust in Ukraine (over 115,000 deaths).
As in Tarnopol and Lvov, Yahad investigated camps whose primary purpose was the establishment and maintenance of the DG IV. German companies responsible for its maintenance, having insufficient manpower, camps were created along the road for Jewish prisoners forced to perform the most difficult labor for the maintenance work such as working in stone quarries or transporting tombstones.
– The camps of Jewish workers of the Durchgangstraße IV (road from Lvov to Dnepropetrovsk via Vinnytsia)
– Yahad had begun its research in 2008 in the town of Starokonstantinov, which was more than 60% Jewish at the outset of the war and where between 6,000 and 10,000 Jews were shot. The team established that, as detailed in the archives, there were three shootings, the last in January 1943 in an antitank ditch.
– Yahad also found in the towns of Slavouta and Iziaslav, the presence of gas trucks, a phenomenon which is nowhere mentioned in the German or Soviet archives.