The team found Irina (born 1930). She led the team to the shooting site, which is located in a clearing in the forest, in order to explain what she had seen as she had followed discreetly with a few classmates to watch the tragedy that was to take place. She reported seeing a column of “some fifty Jews walking one behind the other with their heads bent down. In the clearing, a pit had been dug out with a piece of wood across it. The Jews were led one by one to that piece of wood where they had to stand until they were shot by a young German soldier. He had a machine-gun in one hand, and in the other hand, an apple, which he bit into when he wasn't using his weapon…”

Irina also said that there were posters everywhere in town, ordering people not to hide Jews.


From October 27 to December 10, 2011, a Yahad In Unum team completed a 29th investigation visit to Ukraine, the third one in the region of Rovno, this time focused south of the city of Lutsk. On the whole, the Yahad team led investigations in 8 locations and interviewed 49 witnesses.



Administrative area of Rovno
Investigated towns/villages: Boremel, Khreniki, Demidovka, Smordva, Mlinov, Klevan, Dubno, and Kremenets.


Historical Background:

One important background element is that the investigated area was part of Poland between 1920 and 1939. As a result, a sizable proportion of the population was Polish. This district was quickly occupied by the Germans (as early as June 1941), and the occupation lasted until June 1944.


Key Findings:

– Hermetic ghettos and numerous victims — In most cases, ghettoes were surrounded by a wooden fence with barbed wire on the top.

– The case of Klevan: a complex investigation — This case revealed how important investigations in the field, especially interviews with witnesses, can be to clarify certain obscure areas in Soviet or German archives, or in historical research

– Several undocumented shooting sites


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